All other things being equal, termites that forage over larger areas are more likely to encounter structures. While native subterranean termite nests have members in the hundreds of thousands, Formosan subterranean termite nests can have nests in the millions. Division of Licensing Regional Offices have reopened to the public. In 08, however, the number of active stations increased rapidly and reached the peak of 122 by September. Venice FL. Asian and Formosan subterranean termites contribute in large part to the cost associated with termite damage and control globally, the study says. Together, the Asian (Coptotermes gestroi) and Formosan (Coptotermes formosanus) subterranean termite species cause an estimated $40 billion worth of damage worldwide, the researchers said. Scientists at the University of Florida have confirmed the Asian and Formosan subterranean termites – both formidable non-native species -- are mating in South Florida… The invasive Formosan subterranean termite leads the assault. Formosan mud tube on infested boat. The links that are shown are not an exclusive listing of organizations available within the state. The swarmers are attracted to lights and are often found around windows, light fixtures, windowsills, and spider webs in lighted areas. One invasive species, the Formosan subterranean termite, has become Floridaâs most feared wood-destroying pest because it forms larger colonies than other termite species, and its workers forage over wider areas. Relegated mainly to the south, these termites make large nests underground and reach homes through mud tubes as well. Itâs been estimated that the workers in a large Formosan subterranean termite colony can collectively destroy almost one pound of wood each day. They also proposed that Coptotermes gestroi be given the common name of "Asian subterranean termite." Termites have been around since the days of the dinosaur and are certainly not uncommon in sub-tropical South Florida. UF/IFAS researchers have been monitoring this situation, and are studying the hybrid termites that result when the Formosan and Asian species mate successfully. Competitive Prices. Because of its ability to consume a vast amount of wood in a short amount of time, this type of termite has earned the nickname “the super termite.” In fact, a health adult colony can eat up to a pound of wood a day. Workers shuttle back and forth from the nest to foraging sites in underground tunnels that they excavate. Venice FL. A single colony of Formosan subterranean termite may contain several million termites that forage up to 300 feet in soil. In the city of New Orleans where this termite species was introduced in the 1950’s, the control and repair costs due to FST are estimated at $300 million annually. Together with colleagues at Dow AgroSciences, Dr. Su developed a revolutionary approach to management of subterranean termites, which employs underground monitoring stations where foraging termites encounter appealing baits that containing a slow-acting compound that prevents immature termites from molting and kills them. This species can develop colonies containing several million termites, which relentlessly feed on structural lumber, utility poles and other wooden structures, leading to substantial economic loss. The treatment of Asian and Formosan Subterranean Termite colonies in your home is much more involved than the treatment of Native Subterranean Termite colonies. Formosan subterranean termite (FST) acquired its name because it was first described in Taiwan in the early 1900s. The Life of a Formosan Subterranean Termite. Worker termites are blind but they communicate effectively with one another, using pheromones, vibrations and other means. Coptotermes gestroi is a ve… … ©2019-2020 Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer ServicesFlorida Capitol — Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0800Questions? In recent years, another invasive subterranean termite has been detected in South Florida. As of 2010, Formosan subterranean termite is found in all major urban areas of Florida (Figure 3). To reduce moisture, extend gutter and drainage systems at least 1 foot away from your home. the formosan subterranean termite Most Common Termite To The Area The Formosan contains the largest number of termite pests per colony than any other termite species worldwide, and the Formosan subterranean termite is the most widely distributed and has the most issues in the area. Formosans use mud tubes to travel above ground. The Formosan subterranean termite is often nicknamed the super-termite because of its destructive habits, due to the large size of its colonies and its ability to consume wood at a rapid rate. After swarming and landing on the ground, the … Once established, the Formosan subterranean termite has never been eradicated from an area. Department of Entomology and Nematology at the University of Florida titled Subterranean Termites: Understanding Your Options and a slide set titled Termites, Pretreatments and the Termite Protection Code, which was written by the Florida Pest Management Association. For this reason, itâs important for all Florida property owners to consider professional termite protection for their structures. Formosan subterranean termite workers will also make speculative searches of any small spaces they can enter around the foundation of a building, including expansion joints, cracks in mortar and spaces around penetrations where pipes, wires and vents pass through walls. The U.S. accounts for half of global termite impact, and the Southeastern U.S. bears a disproportionate amount of the nationwide impact, because the regionâs warm temperatures and high humidity offer favorable conditions conducive to termite nesting, growth and reproduction. The Formosan subterranean termite is often nicknamed the super-termite because of its destructive habits, due to the large size of its colonies and its ability to consume wood at a rapid rate. Drywood termites - Measure 3/8 to 1-inch long and appear white, off-white, or … Have your home annually inspected by a licensed pest control company. The technology was incorporated into the SentriconÂ® subterranean termite colony elimination system, which reached the consumer market in 1995 and has now protected more than 3 million homes in 18 countries and pre-empted the use of 9,000 metric tons of insecticide. This species can develop colonies containing several million termites, which relentlessly feed on structural lumber, utility poles and other wooden structures, leading to substantial economic loss. As of 2019, Formosan subterranean termite is found in almost all major urban areas of Florida (Figure 3). Identification. After selecting a keyword you will be taken to our online payment center where you will be required to log in before entering any payments. A suitable location for nesting should provide a constant moisture source and a readily available timber food source close by. Environmentally Friendly. Formosan Subterranean Termite is a species that has been transported worldwide. To see a current infestation map thatâs regularly updated, visit http://flrec.ifas.ufl.edu/termites-in-florida/termite-distribution/. Formosan termites are the most destructive species of termites in Florida. Formosan subterranean termite nests are much larger than that of a native subterranean termite. You can learn more in the posted to the Bug Week website. The state of Florida takes no responsibility for a link's operation or content. However, about 80 termite species worldwide are considered serious pests because they have certain attributes: They infest structures, form large colonies, and have a history of causing substantial economic damage. Formosan Subterranean Termite. It travelled to Formosa, Japan etc. Asian and Formosan Subterranean Termites Exploding in S. Florida. The swarmers are attracted to lights and are often found around windows, light fixtures, windowsills, and spider webs in lighted areas. 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