Gopher Sites Gopher is a menu-based information retrieval protocol. For example, the NNTP protocol lists a number of commands such as article, list, and newgroups, and it says that every command must be on a separate line and that the responses will be preceded by a line with a 3-digit number. These are: Gopher: Gopher is a collection of rules implemented for searching, retrieving as well as displaying documents from isolated sites. Gopher was conceived in 1991 as one of the Internet’s first data/file access protocols to run on top of a TCP/IP network. Note: Most of these links point to the main Gopher menu at a particular site, as the directories weren't listed. The appropriate menu shouldn't be too far down the hierarchy though. This is a list of links, mainly from a book called Using Gopher, to a variety of Gopher sites around the world.. Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) was the protocol but it better known as Newsgroups and Usenet. Examples of such servers include Gopher-to-FTP gateways, Gopher-to- archie gateways, Gopher-to-WAIS gateways, etc. The gopher protocol has some things HTTP-based clients do not have.It is based on menus.An item selected from a menu will either open another menu, or a document. The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. An example of a FTP Protocol Window: Gopher Gopher offers downloadable files with some content description to make it easier to find the file you need. Gopher is an application-layer protocol that provides the ability to extract and view Web documents stored on remote Web servers. 0 is a plain text file, 1 is a directory and 9 is a binary file. Some Other Protocols. A sample .cache file will look something like this: iHello none 70 0ReadMe 0/ReadMe.txt 70 1Ebooks 1/ebooks 70 The gopher protocol uses number prefixes to describe filetype. Gopher also works on the client/server principle. Gopher protocol library for Golang This is a standards compliant Gopher library for the Go programming language implementing the RFC 1436 specification. Some other popular protocols act as co-functioning protocols associated with these primary protocols for core functioning. The design of the Gopher protocol and user interface is menu-driven, and presented an alternative to the World Wide Web in its early stages, but ultimately fell into disfavor, yielding to the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Gopher represented an early alternative to the World Wide Web.. Network News Transfer Protocol. The Gopher protocol / ˈ ɡ oʊ f ər / is a communications protocol designed for distributing, searching, and retrieving documents in Internet Protocol networks. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser. Gopher services act like large directories that you navigate through, rather than using hyperlinks to jump between pages. The Gopher protocol is even simpler. The library includes both client and server handling and examples of each. Gopher is a protocol.It was designed for distributing, searching, and retrieving documents over the Internet. It was developed at University of Minnesota and is named after the school's mascot. The protocol offers some features not natively supported by the Web and imposes a much stronger hierarchy on information stored on it. The Gopher protocol is a TCP/IP Application layer protocol designed for distributing, searching, and retrieving documents over the Internet […]. On the other hand, subsets of other document retrieval schemes may be mapped onto the Gopher protocol by means of "gateway-servers". … They were discussion boards where users could connect and have discussions. Many sites that offer downloadable applications use the FTP protocol.