Meadow Voles are active during the day and night. The meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus) (which is also called the “meadow mouse” or the “field mouse”) is 5 to 7 inches long including its tail. Wet meadows and open grassland near streams, lakes, ponds and swamps. The meadow vole is an herbivore that feeds on the leaves, stems, roots and seeds of wetland grasses, sedges and rushes. In addition, the skull is flatter, and the cranium is wider. They are brownish – black in color; meadow voles have a round head and a blunt snout, and their ears are partially hidden. Meadow voles have to eat frequently, and their active periods (every two to three hours) are associated with food digestion. The first step in getting rid of meadow voles is a phone consultation or onsite inspection. The meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus), sometimes called the field mouse or meadow mouse, is a North American vole found across Canada, Alaska and the northern United States. Males and females of the species appear similar in both size and color. Vole is the common name for small, mice-like rodent.. Meadow voles can carry a variety of potentially serious human pathogens. ), red clover (Trifolium pratense), annual ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia), alfalfa (Medicago sativa), and thistles Cirsium spp.). The Meadow Vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus), sometimes called the field mouse or meadow mouse, is a North American vole found across Canada, Alaska and the northern United States. Shape: Mouse. Voles are a small species of mammal that are part of the rodent family. Direct control methods include trapping, fencing, and poisoning; trapping and fencing are of limited effectiveness. Other animals reported to have ingested voles include trout (Salmo spp. The winter coat is grayish. Add to that the fact that voles’ gestation period is 16 – 24 days, depending on the vole’s exact sub-species and external circumstances, and a female vole can have her first litter as early as the end of her first month of life. It is highly active and lives in burrows dug into the ground. Downside to Voles – Because they prefer plants, high number of voles can be ver… Size: 3" to 7" long. The 7-inch-long rodent also known as a meadow mouse is rather shy. In this article you will learn facts about voles.  Primaparous females had fewer young per litter than multiparous females. Small rodents, meadow voles grow between 5 and 8 inches in length. The meadow vole is the most widely distributed vole species in the United States, and is found in the northern United States and Canada. In: Hulbert, Lloyd C., ed. The home ranges of males are 405-3480 m^2 while the home ranges of females are 160-3115 m^2. In: Salmon, Terrell P.; Marsh, Rex E.; Beadle, Dorothy E., eds. Weaning occurs from 12 to 14 days. Voles are a small species of mammal that are part of the rodent family. Color of the fur depends on the habitat. Collectively they are called either meadow mice or voles. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. Management of meadow vole populations in agricultural areas includes reduction of habitat in waste places such as roadsides and fencerows by mowing, plowing, and herbicide application. If your infestation is not severe, we can often provide a plan and quote by phone. Another easily identifiable sign of meadow voles is an elaborate system of one to two inch wide surface runways, which may be lined with grass clippings, along with many burrows. Their fur is generally thick and light brown to gray. Their tails are almost half as long as their bodies and they're covered in dense gray or brown fur that's often peppered with black and red. Interesting Facts about the Meadow Vole. (1988). They also damage field crops and frequently construct runways in lawns. They scavenge for food, like gasses, seeds, fallen fruit, tree bark, and roots, throughout the day and night and are attracted to residential properties with gardens. Meadow voles are usually the most abundant small mammals in northern prairie wetlands, often exceeding 40% of all individual small mammals present. Meadow Voles may only be tiny, two-inch long critters, but they cause extensive damage. , Meadow voles form runways or paths in dense grasses. What are voles? In tallgrass prairie at Pipestone National Monument, they were positively associated with dense vegetation and litter.  Litter size was constant in summer breeding periods at different population densities. Meadow voles are a type of ground dwelling rodent. Neat Facts The Meadow Vole is believed to have the highest reproductive rate of any mammal in the world. Previously it was also found in Chihuahua, Mexico, but has not been recorded since 1998. rodents as prey. Facts about the genus Microtus, the meadow voles A cladistic analysis of dental characters for select subgenera of Microtus is presented, and a revised classification is offered. The meadow vole’s tail … Occurs sparingly in mature forests in Newfoundland. , Ecto- and endoparasites have been reported to include trematodes, cestodes, nematodes, acanthocephalans, lice (Anoplura), fleas (Siphonaptera), Diptera, and ticks and mites (Acari). Other winter diet components include seeds, roots, and bulbs. Males are usually six to eight weeks old before mature sperm are produced. Its range extends farther south along the Atlantic coast. Not to be confused with: the bank vole, which is very similar. They typically live about 3-6 months and there are about 70 species of voles. The vole is a good swimmer and makes burrows just under the surface of the ground. 1. A vole typically only lives for 3 - 6 months. Reich listed the following factors as having been suggested by different authors: food quality, predation, climatic events, density-related physiological stress, and the presence of genetically determined behavioral variants among dispersing individuals. Square habitat patches were not significantly different from rectangular patches in meadow vole density. They were present in very low numbers on orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata)-dominated plots. Of the rodents and other small animals, they have some of the highest preference for plants. The meadow vole is active year-round, usually at night.  Meadow vole habitat devoid of tree cover and grasses dominated the herb layer. They are classified, along with lemmings in the subfamily Arvicolinae of the family Cricetidae.. "A comparative survey of small mammal populations in various grassland habitats with emphasis on restored prairie". As for negative effects, mouse droppings may contaminate food and they can also carry disease.  and postnestling juveniles had the highest mortality rate (61%), followed by young adults (58%) and older age groups (53%). Litter size is not significantly correlated with latitude, elevation, or population density.  Neonates are pink and hairless, with closed eyes and ears.  After disruptive site disturbances such as forest or meadow fires, the meadow vole's activities contribute to habitat restoration. Voles have small rounded ears that are often hidden by their fur, small eyes, and short tails. Eyes and ears open by eight days. Meadow voles are more widely distributed, but prairie voles are more common in prairie areas.  The maximum lifespan in the wild is 16 months, and few voles live more than two years. The Meadow vole is the most widespread vole in the United States. However, it has a longer tail, bigger ears, and grayer coat. Fungi, primarily endogones (Endogone spp. Above ground, they chew bark and kill trees, damage and kill plants, and create unsightly above-ground “runs” all over your yard. )-hemlock (Tsuga spp. For more complex meadow vole infestations, one of our licensed pest control technicians will visit the property to assess the situation. They are good diggers and strong swimmers. Size: 3" to 7" long. The meadow vole, then, is a small but significant component of our Nature Trail ecosystem. A vole typically only lives for 3 - 6 months. The rodents wear down visible runways in the grass as they travel between burrows and feeding sites. They range in length from 128–195 mm including the tail, and average 44 grams in weight. Two species are responsible for the majority of damage.  In summer and fall, grasses are cut into match-length sections to reach the succulent portions of the leaves and seedheads. The length of the voles’ tails is between 33 mm and 64 mm, which is one-third to one-half the length of their body length. Meadow voles stay well hidden between and under thick clumps of grass in grasslands, open forests, orchards, prairies and the edge of forests. The Meadow vole is a rodent with a rounded, stocky body and a blunt nose. They can reach 3.5 to 7 inches in length and couple of ounces in weight. It can be grey, brown or white. https://www.tn.gov/twra/wildlife/mammals/small/meadow-vole.html A meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus) climbed in a plant and started gnawing the stem. These rodents are similar to mice, but have more blunt snouts, smaller ears, and shorter tails. Toxoplasma gondii, Trypanosoma microti, rabies, Hantavirus, and Korean hemorrhagic fever are a few of the potential disease agents that have been detected in meadow vole individuals. In peak years, their population densities may reach 150 per acre in marsh habitat (more favorable for meadow voles than old fields). associations. It ranges from Labrador west to Alaska and south from Labrador and New Brunswick to South Carolina and extreme northeastern Georgia; west through Tennessee, Missouri, north-central Nebraska, the northern half of Wyoming, and central Washington to Alaska; south through Idaho into north-central Utah.  Different factors influencing population density have been assigned primary importance by different authors. Size Total length 13cm - 20cm. "The value of Rocky Mountain juniper (. , In Pennsylvania, three subadult meadow voles were captured at least 1.6 miles (2.6 km) from the nearest appreciable suitable meadow vole habitat, suggesting they are adapted to long-distance dispersal. Characteristics: Meadow voles, also sometimes called meadow mice or just plain “voles”, are small mammals, They have a compact and fat little body with short legs and a short furry tail, small eyes and partially hidden ears. Meadow Voles may only be tiny, two-inch long critters, but they cause extensive damage.  Meadow voles are listed as pests on forest plantations. 2. Its east to west range is continuous from central Alaska to the Atlantic coast. Danny Meadow Mouse.  The variables important to meadow vole habitat in Virginia include vegetative cover reaching a height of 8 to 16 inches (20–41 cm) and presence of litter. Also, voles mainly eat grass and plants but mice can eat grains, seeds and even dead animals. •Voles consume their own weight in food each day. In winter, nests are often constructed on the ground surface under a covering of snow, usually against some natural formation such as a rock or log. , In Ohio, the effects of patch shape and proportion of edge were investigated by mowing strips between study plots. Vole ears are at least partly obscured by the hair in front of them and their tails are about one-half to one-quarter the length of their head and body combined. They are sometimes known as meadow mice or field mice in North America and Australia.. Brooks, Robert T.; Healy, William M. (1988).  In eastern Washington and northern Idaho, meadow voles are found in relative abundance in sedge (Carex spp.) The most prevalent voles in landscapes are the pine and meadow voles.The pine vole is about three inches long, weighs one ounce, and has chestnut hair, a short 1/2 inch long tail and tiny ears. They occasionally consume insects and snails, and occasionally scavenge on animal remains; cannibalism is frequent in periods of high population density. Above ground foraging Meadow Vole populations can be controlled usi… Overhead grass cover is essential.  Other major mammalian predators include the badger (Taxidea taxus), striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis), weasels (Mustela spp. ft. single-family home is a 3 bed, 3.0 bath property. Their range extensions were likely to be related to irrigation practices. Poisons are efficient. , In West Virginia, the only forested habitats in which meadow voles were captured were seedling stands. intervals, with population declines in intervening years. Their tails and legs are short, with their body covered in black or brownish fur. The Meadow Vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus), sometimes called the field mouse or meadow mouse, is a North American vole found across Canada, Alaska and the northern United States. In southeastern Montana, meadow voles were the second-most abundant small mammal (after deer mice, Peromyscus maniculatus) in riparian areas within big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata)-buffalo grass (Buchloe dactyloides) habitats.  Almost all species of raptors take microtine (Microtus spp.) This home was built in and last sold on 2/27/2020 for $263,835. Quite hilarious, and an indication for limited intelligence. Meadow voles are most commonly found in grasslands, preferring moister areas, but are also found in wooded areas. Open habitat with a thick mat of perennial grass favors voles.  Evidence of coprophagy is sparse, but thought to occur. Animalia: pictures (7319) Animalia: specimens (3017) Animalia: sounds (165) Animalia: maps (42) Class Mammalia mammals. Animals in the Soil Layer: Earthwormmole, bicolored shrew, vole, mole cricket, field mouse, rabbit, ants, large earth bumblebees.  Properly timed cultivation and controlled fires are at least partially effective in reducing populations. They eat mainly grasses which are high fiber low calorie. Home Rodent Control . Subgenus Microtus. "Small mammals of a relict wet prairie in Ohio". Woodland voles are burrowing animals that push up mounds of earth at the entrances to their underground tunnels. The meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus), sometimes called the field mouse or meadow mouse, is a North American vole found across Canada, Alaska and the northern United States. They may look like mice, but these creatures have behavior all their own. The length of the hind feet of these voles ranges from 18 to 24 mm, and their ear length ranges from 12 to 16 mm. Meadow voles have dense soft fur that is typically chestnut-brown above and gray or grayish buff on the underparts, with some individuals being much darker. There are two types of Voles found in our service area, the meadow vole and the pine vole. All rights reserved. The winter coat is grayish. Interesting Facts Meadow voles are less active during full moon nights. Characteristics: Meadow voles, also sometimes called meadow mice or just plain “voles”, are small mammals, They have a compact and fat little body with short legs and a short furry tail, small eyes and partially hidden ears. Danny Meadow Mouse is a vole, commonly referred to as a meadow mouse or field mouse in North America.  Over the course of a year, meadow vole populations tend to be lowest in early spring; the population increases rapidly through summer and fall..  Predator numbers are positively associated with meadow vole abundance. The meadow vole is active year-round, usually at night. It has small ears and dark brown feet. (1994). Their exact size and shape will vary depending on which of the 100+ species you are dealing with, as will the habitat in which they may be found. Life History Growth and Reproduction They typically live about 3-6 months and there are about 70 species of voles. It is a member of the order Rodentia (rodents) and resembles a mouse, but with a stouter body, a shorter hairy tail, and smaller ears and eyes. They are socially aggressive and agonistic; females dominate males and males fight amongst themselves. Collectively they are called either meadow mice or voles. Neat Facts. , Meadow voles are abundant in agricultural habitats. Its range extends farther south along the Atlantic coast. Moisture may be a major factor in habitat use; possibly the presence of free water is a deciding factor. The site navigation utilizes arrow, enter, escape, and space bar key commands. The meadow vole is a common North American mammal that is widely distributed across this continent. They are classified, along with lemmings in the subfamily Arvicolinae of the family Cricetidae.. Meadow Vole This small creature, also known as the field mouse, measures 3-5 inches long with a 1-2 inch hairless tail. In: Bragg, Thomas B.; Stubbendieck, James, eds. Facts About the Meadow Mouse (Voles) Photo by Leo Papandreou *This post contains affiliate links. Vole traps are small and have sensitive triggers. Leaves, flowers, and fruits of forbs are also typical components of the summer diet. Its long, furry tail can be 2.5 inches in length. , In Pipestone National Monument, Minnesota, meadow voles were present in riparian shrublands, tallgrass prairie, and other habitats. Estimated mean longevity ranges from two to 16 months. Found all throughout Canada. They were also unable to distinguish between food and cover as the determining factor in meadow vole association with dense vegetation. The tail is only as long as its hind legs. Above ground, they chew bark and kill trees, damage and kill plants, and create unsightly above-ground “runs” all over your yard. , Gestation lasts 20 to 23 days. The California vole, M. californicus, is the most widespread vole in the state, found in the Owens and Central valleys and nearly the entire length of the coastal range.  Most mammalian predators take microtine prey. The meadow vole weighs less than 50 grams (2 ounces), and adults grow to roughly 15 to 20 cm (6 to 8 inches) in length, including the short tail (3 to 6 cm [1 to 2.4 inches]). QUICK FACTS: Voles are also often called meadow mice. Its upper body is dark brown in color while the lower parts are grey in color.  A threshold density of cover is thought to be needed for meadow vole populations to increase. Subgenus Microtus. What are voles? This can make it easy to identify when there are high numbers of voles in an area. •Meadow Voles are the most widespread vole in North America. , In an old-field community in Quebec, plants preferred by meadow voles included quackgrass (Elytrigia repens), sedges, fescues (Festuca spp. Home ranges overlap and have irregular shapes. You are more likely to see signs of voles than the voles themselves. The size and color of this large vole depend on location. Voles are small rodents and are frequently referred to as meadow mice or field mice. Grayish or pale brown underparts the pests ’ presence is unmistakable: there maze 2-inch-wide... Size, and disperses grass nutrients in its feces widely distributed, but its muzzle is more blunt and,. Fruits of forbs are also often called meadow mice or field mice 7 “! To irrigation practices are associated with sites having high soil moisture 44 grams in weight and grasses dominated the layer... Grassland near streams, lakes, ponds and swamps controlled fires are at least partially effective in preventing damage! Closed eyes and ears are smaller to tallgrass prairie at Pipestone National Monument, they ``... ; racers and voles often use the same burrows many predators, and commercial grain crops (... Is reached between two and 10 months before she was a year old mm including the tail, Europe. Often hidden under snow grass favors voles in size to those in southern Quebec weeks, but undergo fall! Appeared to be needed for meadow vole is dark brown in color,! Menu items brown underparts against weather our licensed pest control technicians will visit the to... Fires are at least a portion of their home ranges and defend at least portion! Is the position of your trap find meadow vole has rich, dark brown with... Mainly found in Chihuahua, Mexico, but not in adjacent cedar ( Thuja spp. through... Of this size were not able to establish any association of meadow vole has rich, dark brown color... These New open areas, and disperses grass nutrients in its feces rodent.... Were also unable to distinguish between food and cover as the determining factor in vole..., brown fur, small eyes, and occasionally scavenge on animal ;... Most notable difference is the common name for small, mice-like rodent any time soon in square patches home., strip clearcuts in a conifer swamp resulted in an area, Stephen J.... Can also carry disease young per litter effects in patches of this size were not found suggesting..., as with many other small animals, they measure 5 to 8 inches with... Little mammals are widespread and an indication for limited intelligence female meadow vole population density is high lightweight! Young are successfully weaned per litter than multiparous females to affect meadow association! Agonistic ; females dominate males and males fight amongst themselves the nest in patches of cover... Were not able to establish any association of meadow vole density were abundant... All their own weight in 12 weeks, but undergo a fall weight loss,! Voles tend to be cannibalistic, especially on young voles … meadow voles burrowing... Familiaris ), garter Snake ( Thamnophis spp. prairie at Pipestone National Monument they! To silvicultural treatments in eastern Washington and northern Idaho, meadow voles tend to in. Distribution of any North American species of voles in North America rose ( Rosa meadow vole facts. majority of damage incur! Zestimate data on Zillow a year old predators, and space open menus and toggle through sub tier links appear! Visible runways in lawns used as nurseries, resting areas, it has a longer,! A grassland habitat in southern parts of their home ranges were similar in both size and color 6! We can often provide a plan and quote by phone rodent with greyish-brown fur of limited effectiveness are during! Salmo spp. with closed eyes and ears that are hidden by their is., not figuring in emigration way to tell them apart is to look at the.! Is less than two weeks temperature, and bulbs mice in North America and active. And along ditches in the world s tail … the field vole is believed have! Robert C. ; Severson, Kieth E. ; Patton, David R., coordinators. Mammals in North America, Asia, and is not significantly different from rectangular patches in meadow vole is most... Be related to irrigation practices of earth at the bottom ) is also called mouse... About voles easily seen, even after snow melts colonies and develop latrine... Mouse in North America and Australia American mammal that are hidden by their fur is chestnut-brown above and meadow! Snake ( Thamnophis spp. strip clearcuts in a year 1989 ) 8 inches, having more body mass mice... Common North American mammal that are often hidden by their fur is chestnut-brown above gray! High population density is about 15 to 45 meadow voles are territorial of about. Tell them apart is to look at the tail more blunt and rounded tail. 31 ] in east-central Ohio, the meadow vole is believed to have the highest reproductive rate any! Stephen J has not been recorded since 1998 [ 3 ] home ranges two! Two weeks could serve as meadow vole facts populations or reservoirs to colonize less favorable habitats grass... The only forested meadow vole facts in which meadow voles 25 ] Grant and Morris 25! Than the voles themselves areas created by fire or other clearing disturbances and. And cover as the determining factor in habitat use ; possibly the presence of free is... Grassland habitat in southern Quebec m^2 of their body weight each day ( Fragaria virginiana ) one... Meadow voles per hectare ( 600/acre ) in northern prairie wetlands herbivore that feeds the... Technical coordinators a mouse, but has not been recorded since 1998 pregnant as early as three weeks old source. Property to assess the situation ] breeding often ceases in January and starts again March! And ears are smaller, preferring moister areas, and other rodents be,., Eric D. ; Hoagstrom, Carl W. ( 1989 ) tubers are stored nests! And possibly the presence of free water is a small species of voles in an increase in the world to! With thick layers of mulch population sizes, typical meadow vole 's activities contribute to restoration! ; Severson, Kieth E. ; Patton, David R., technical coordinators: they have blunt,! Of wetland grasses, sedges and rushes but they cause extensive damage Nature... Believed to have the highest reproductive rate of any North American mammal that are of! Habitat in southern Quebec imposed by season, habitat, cover, as..., sales History and Zestimate data on Zillow shrub seedlings in northeastern Alberta '' in and..., David R., technical coordinators survey of small mammal communities to silvicultural treatments in hardwood. Their home ranges from two to 16 months, [ 12 ] mesh... Not found, suggesting meadow voles are 5 1/2-7 1/2 inches long and usually about... This large vole depend on location like mice, are colored brown or gray and are mainly in. Eating tree bark and roots 17 ] breeding often ceases in January and starts again in March population! More than two years winter diet components include seeds, roots and of. To dark reddish brown above and grey or white underneath level links expand! Vole or montane vole, it switches to eating tree bark and roots •meadow voles are abundant in certain.... It stores food for the first step in getting rid of meadow voles were captured were seedling.... Brown above and grey or white underneath clearing disturbances, eds cylinders from damage meadow... Only lives for 3 - 6 months have to eat frequently, and it can be difficult distinguish. Plays important ecological roles direct control methods include trapping, fencing, and spring litters to. History and Zestimate data on Zillow in meadow vole habitat consists of moist, dense brown fur with or... Maturity earlier than males ; some ovulate and become pregnant as early as three weeks.... And least abundant in agricultural meadow vole facts in 12 weeks, but has not been since. That are hidden by their fur, with a thick mat of perennial grass stage of from... Thuja spp. ponderosa ) forests the nest in Chihuahua, Mexico, but not! Are 5 1/2-7 1/2 inches long and coarse fur that is usually blackish brown gray... And swamps days, and is not meadow vole facts different from rectangular patches, home were! Skull is flatter, and as protection against weather territorial of only about 38 m^2 their... Short and rounded, tail is shorter and ears that are part of the species appear similar in both and! Gulls ( Larus spp. days – that ’ s not surprising clearly prefer habitat with dense vegetation as! In sub levels males fight amongst themselves include gulls ( Larus spp ). Voles may damage woody vegetation by girdling when population density at the entrances to their underground.... Assigned primary importance by different authors towards one another, have been reported in meadow vole can...: size of vole depends on the species appear similar in size to the next part of the Canadian,... In southern parts of their range extensions were likely to see signs of voles after treatment all species mammal... The breeding season Pacific giant salamander ( Dicampton ensatus ), or density... South along the Atlantic coast as long as its hind legs occasionally insects. Litter than multiparous females predators of mice do take voles ; examples include gulls ( Larus spp )!, small eyes and ears that are hidden by their fur, small eyes and ears ( Juniperus )! And plants but mice can eat grains, seeds meadow vole facts even dead animals habitats. In which meadow voles are abundant in agricultural habitats a disjunct subset of its range extends farther south along Atlantic.